Disability Discrimination Fact Sheet: Employment


Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits disability-based discrimination by private employers. Discrimination includes unequal treatment, retaliation and harassment against employees and job applicants with disabilities. It also includes the failure to provide reasonable modifications to an employer’s practices, policies or workplace conditions in order to accommodate an employee’s or applicant’s disability. Provided on page three is a sample letter to request a reasonable accommodation, and on page four is a sample support letter from a treating professional.

The California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) provides similar protections. Any violation of the ADA is also a violation of state law. However, in some circumstances, state law may provide a higher level of protection than federal law. For example, the ADA covers employers that have 15 or more employees, and FEHA covers employers that have five or more employees.

Provided below are some online resources to learn more about disability discrimination and reasonable accommodations in employment:

  • The U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission website: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/disability.cfm
  • The California Department of Fair Employment and Housing website: http://www.dfeh.ca.gov/Employment...