Comprehensive Settlement Reached in Orange County Jail Investigation

Press Release

Comprehensive Settlement Reached in Orange County Jail Investigation

A person holding onto the bars of a jail cell.
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(Orange County, CA) As part of its continued efforts to protect the rights of incarcerated people with disabilities, Disability Rights California (DRC) has entered into a groundbreaking settlement with the County of Orange and the Orange County Sheriff’s Department to implement a remedial plan (linked below) with essential changes to policies and conditions in the Orange County Jail.  The settlement is the culmination of a years-long investigation by DRC and its authorized agents—Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld and the Law Office of Aaron J. Fischer—regarding the County’s treatment of incarcerated people in the Jail.

In 2019, the County, at DRC’s urging, hired an expert team from Sabot Consulting to conduct an evaluation of the Jail system, on issues relating to the rights of people with disabilities, the use of solitary confinement, and Jail practices impacting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (“LGBTQ”) individuals. The experts found that the County was failing to provide equal access to programs to incarcerated people with disabilities, was keeping incarcerated people locked in cells for most or all of the day, and was placing incarcerated people in restrictive, high-security units because of their LGBTQ identity. Based on the experts’ report (linked below), the County and DRC negotiated the terms of a remedial plan to address the problems that were identified. 

Independent Expert Monitoring Reports

The remedial plan will significantly improve conditions in the Jail system and the County’s treatment of all incarcerated people, including people with disabilities and people who identify as LGBTQ.  Highlights of the remedial plan include:

  • The County will house LGBTQ incarcerated people in the least restrictive, safe setting. In service of this requirement, the County is creating a pilot “GBTQ+” housing unit, which will have enhanced programming designed specifically for that population.
  • The County will house transgender and intersex people in accordance with their stated preference (e.g., male or female housing unit) unless the County has determined, on an individual basis, that such placement would present specific management or security concerns.      
  • The County will provide at least 24 hours out of cell time per week to incarcerated people. To meet and hopefully exceed this requirement, the County must ensure all of its dayrooms and exercise yards are available and being accessed by incarcerated people all day long. In other words, housing units will not be locked down as a general rule, absent a specific security or emergency situation.
  • The County is ending its blanket exclusion of people with disabilities from the Community Work Program, which allows people to work in the community and sleep in their own bed at night. The removal of this disability-based exclusion will expand the use of safe and productive alternatives to incarceration, and put an end to a discriminatory practice.

In addition, under the settlement’s terms, the County has agreed to close the Jail’s 72 hyper-solitary confinement cells, which provide no natural light to people incarcerated there.  Instead, the County has created a new Special Management Unit, in which people may be kept for no longer than 30 days, must receive at least two hours out of cell per day, and can obtain additional privileges and early release based on positive behavior. The now-closed confinement cells are pictured below, in photos taken at Theo Lacy Facility in May 2018.

Photos of confinement cells at Theo Lacy Facility in May 2018.

“Through this process, we communicated with hundreds of people held in the Orange County Jail, and we heard again and again about solitary confinement conditions, lack of out-of-cell time, and lack of access to programming for people with disabilities,” said Aaron Fischer, a lawyer who has worked with DRC throughout this investigation. “We expect that this Remedial Plan will address these serious issues in a meaningful way. We appreciate the seriousness with which the Sheriff and his staff, as well as the Jail’s health care leadership, have taken their obligations under the United States Constitution and disability-rights law, and their expressed commitment to implementing real solutions.”

“People who identify as LGBTQ, especially those people who also have a disability, face distinctive and serious forms of harm,” said A.D. Lewis, a DRC attorney who specializes in the intersection of LGBTQ+ and disability-rights law. “Orange County has committed to important changes, and we will be involved every step of the way to ensure successful implementation.”

“Being incarcerated as a trans woman has come with losing privileges, just for being my true self,” said one DRC client who identifies as transgender. “My peers are one of the least violent groups of people, yet are faced with the most restricted rules. LGBTQ housing should not be a punishment.”

“This settlement comes at a moment of urgency and great opportunity,” said Michael Freedman of RBGG. “The Remedial Plan is the result of extensive negotiations that were guided by the input of people with lived experience being incarcerated at the jail. The community should expect significant improvements once the County fully implements the Remedial Plan.”

Media Contacts

Melody Pomraning
Communications Director
Disability Rights California
(916) 504-5938


Disability Rights California (DRC) – Is the agency designated under federal law to protect and advocate for the rights of Californians with disabilities. The mission of DRC is to defend, advance, and strengthen the rights and opportunities of people with disabilities. For more information visit:

Law Office of Aaron J. Fischer represents clients on issues related to civil rights, disability rights, and complex litigation, with experience monitoring public and private entities to ensure legal compliance. The firm is founded upon a commitment to justice and to practical problem-solving.

Rosen Bien Galvan and Grunfeld, LLP is a litigation boutique in San Francisco, California that has decades of experience litigating to protect the rights of incarcerated people in jails and prisons in California.